” Much of what, in general, we know about Artificial Intelligence comes from science fiction books and movies . ” It is the warning of a panel of experts promoted by Stanford University to analyze how the extension of Artificial Intelligence will affect urban life in 2030. And although they foresee that the changes will be positive, the participants warn about “profound challenges” to face faced with a new paradigm whose transformation is already beginning to be felt in the cities.
“Who is responsible if an autonomous vehicle crashes? What if an intelligent medical device fails? How to prevent artificial intelligence applications from being used for racial discrimination or financial fraud? ” . These are some of the uncertainties posed by this group made up of 17 academic and industry experts in their study ‘Artificial intelligence and life in 2030’.
With a vocation for continuity, this analysis aims to provide knowledge in a still very unknown field in which a profound transformation will take place over the next few years, in which Artificial Intelligence is expected to penetrate practically all areas of life . “Being transparent about the challenges it will pose will build trust and avoid unwarranted fears and suspicions , “ says one of the participants, Harvard computer expert Barbara Grosz.
For this reason, the team analyzes one by one eight fields of daily life on which Artificial Intelligence will influence, in addition to making several recommendations to the authorities of the different countries. These are, basically, to promote debate and intercede so that the potential benefits of this new paradigm do not have implications in fields such as ethics, security or privacy and, also, so that the potential benefits of this deployment of technology does not reach just a few.
These are the main conclusions about the eight areas analyzed in which Artificial Intelligence will impact:
1. Impact of Artificial Intelligence on transport.
With important changes in this field already today (development of autonomous electric vehicles or the arrival of transport as a service), this field will in all probability be the first to lead the general public to decide whether to trust Artificial Intelligence or no. In fact, the transformation that has already taken place will continue to accelerate. In it, autonomous vehicles and services to share transport will gain prominence until they become commonplace. In addition to eliminating the need to have a vehicle, the changes that are coming will impact the use of time by citizens, as well as the organization of cities themselves, for example, their inhabitants will be able to live further away from work . On the other hand, the absence of specific legislation on these modes of transport raises many questions to be resolved, such as liability in the event of accidents. Another challenge of having a connected transport infrastructure is represented by hackers and their ability to exploit system vulnerabilities.
2. Robotics of services.
Robotics for home services will continue to expand between now and 2030, with machines for cleaning the home or robots that clean offices or deliver messages, among other possible uses. However, experts estimate that the possibilities in this field may be limited by the high cost of the equipment and the challenge of creating reliable and ready-to-market hardware . Despite everything, the future seems to go through service robotics with better chips, lower costs and even improvements in the understanding and interaction capacity of machines.
3. Advances in health with Artificial Intelligence.
The health field stands out for the advances that are expected from the hand of Artificial Intelligence. “It has the potential to improve the quality of life of millions of people,” says the study. The use of robots for surgeries or to support the tasks of a hospital, sensors to monitor different parameters on the health of patients, electronic records and mobile applications for data collection are some of the realities that explain the expectations. However, how to guarantee the privacy of medical records and, again, the assumption of responsibilities when something fails, are two areas that generate many uncertainties.
4. Education and the risk of losing touch.
Although the lack of economic resources on the part of universities and other educational centers has contained the advance of Artificial Intelligence in education, the panel of experts does not doubt that, by 2030, it will expand, enhancing, for example, reality scenarios virtual for the development of students. With this, it is expected that teachers, those of flesh and blood, increasingly rely on technology to meet the specific needs of each student. The generalization of distance learning, with technologies that will act as an interactive tutor, for example, has advantages, but also risks. In a context in which young people tend more and more to contact through networks, if education is also online, what effect can the absence of face-to-face relationships have between students?
5. Low-income communities.
With a very optimistic vision about the advancement of technology, the study underlines at this point its potential to provide solutions that benefit the most disadvantaged communities. However, for this to be the case, it is emphasized that the incentives will be necessary in a context in which investors usually escape from what does not have a commercial application. With adequate support policies, the potential could be significant since Artificial Intelligence has already been used successfully to improve efficiency in food delivery or to prevent poisoning among at-risk minors.
6. Impact of robotization on employment.
This is one of the areas in which there is more debate about the expansion of Artificial Intelligence and its impact to expel millions of people from the job market. Professions such as taxi drivers or drivers in general are destined to disappear as the impact of technology spreads. Although it is indisputable that Artificial Intelligence will replace man in many tasks, especially the simplest and most mechanical, it is also true that it will create new jobs. However, from this team of experts they warn that it is time to debate on this point and on the ways so that the benefits of the changes that are coming do not exclude, and reach the largest possible part of society.
7. Security Vs privacy.
By 2030, it is more than likely that the different administrations will largely support their public security strategies on Artificial Intelligence technologies. Cameras and drones for surveillance, or the use of algorithms for the detection of financial fraud are some examples within this field that also raises blisters.
The risk that anyone’s life can be monitored permanently and unjustifiably is there, with the reduction in freedoms that this implies. And it is that as they affirm in this article of 1and1 : “the intelligent algorithms can process the growing data sets more efficiently. For critics, data processing using AI technologies is going to be increasingly difficult for consumers to understand and control. However, having the necessary resources and knowledge, it would be the companies and the experts who would have exclusive control of said information.
Another threat is that human biases could be transferred to smart tools for prediction and surveillance as is already happening in countries like China.
8. Transformation of entertainment.
Social networks and all kinds of platforms to share and view photos, videos, etc. They have transformed the way of understanding and enjoying leisure time. Furthermore, in traditional areas such as musical composition or staging, this technology is also being adopted. These developments, which are based on techniques for image processing or information retrieval, have been very well received by society, for which it nevertheless poses challenges. As was the case with education, the new concept of entertainment may eventually lead to the disappearance of social relationships. Additionally, these changes are expected to be further expanded, with more interactive and personalized entertainment options.