Dallas, the Texas state city with the highest rate of hospital admissions for childhood asthma, plants trees along student routes to reduce heat islands.
In general, the formation of heat islands in modern cities is due to pollution, excess construction and lack of green areas. In Dallas they have looked for a very simple solution, plant more trees. Cities must think of trees as a public health infrastructure.
To this end, the Oak Cliff neighborhood was chosen because it was considered the most affected by heat islands. In this city, the less noble areas have less vegetation and this neighborhood is an example of this.
The Nature Conservancy, Trust for Public Land, and Texas Trees Foundation lead collective planting in that region.
Volunteers, students and members of the church have already planted 500 trees together with these associations.
The plantations are concentrated in the center of the neighborhood. Therefore, they are planted where students and residents pass when going about their daily activities.
The planting of trees is limited in limited spaces of space.
Importance of trees in cities. Image: Leonardo da Shutterstock
Health and Environment.
Dallas is unfortunately the third fastest growing heat island in the US. This city has one of the highest rates of hospitalization for childhood asthma in all of Texas.
Dallas summer temperatures are above 30 ° C.
Research by the Texas Trees Foundation reveals that trees and green spaces are three times more effective than other heat mitigation strategies.
Planting trees can mitigate the heat and cool the air. The Nature Conservancy claims that in 40 years the trees planted will create $2.9 million in environmental benefits.
Therefore, planting these trees will remove 248 tons of CO2 from the atmosphere. It will also retain more than 15 million liters of rainwater.
Trees will also help clean the air, increasing life expectancy in neighborhoods.
Laura Huffman, Director of The Nature Conservancy comments:
We have an effective and relatively inexpensive solution at our fingertips that can help improve the health of millions of people. Now we just need to inspire communities to take advantage of it.
Using trees to improve the health of neighbors, address environmental problems and social equity is a trend that should always have been maintained.
More information: www.citylab.com