Nuclear fusion is one of the great hopes for the energy of the future: clean and inexhaustible. Why is it not applied? Because, nobody has managed to translate the expectation into reality. Still. And it is that a private American company, Tri Alpha Energy, might not be so far from launching a fusion reactor in no more than ten years from now.
With a team of more than 150 professionals from up to 25 countries (including Nobel laureates and Maxwell), the firm has already been able to develop technology that contains plasma at 10 million degrees for 11.5 milliseconds. It may seem small, and in fact the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has successfully tested 35 million degrees; But Tri Alpha Energy claims to be able to go much further and even be in a position to launch the first commercial fusion reactor in 2027.
For this objective to be achieved, from then on the company will have to overcome the challenge of raising the temperature to 3,000 million degrees, to achieve a fusion reaction. 500 million dollars of financing will be invested in this, with which the firm The US proposes developing a larger-scale prototype, predictably based on a new cylindrical reactor design that produces heat through the use of magnetic fields.
Basically, what this company seeks is that its equipment is capable of maintaining the gas at temperatures so high that a mixture of electrons and ions known as plasma is produced. If the ions collide with enough power, fusion occurs whereby part of the mass is converted to energy, which occurs at millions of degrees Celsius.
While in Tri Alpha Energy they advance in this line, betting on the use of a mixture of hydrogen and boron that makes it difficult for the reaction to take place, although it avoids other classic problems of fusion; many other projects share the same objective: to make possible what has so often seemed impossible, nuclear fusion.
The International Thermonuclear Experiment Reactor (ITER), promoted with funds from several countries; as well as initiatives by companies such as General Fusion, in addition to Tri Alpha itself, are currently working to find that sun on earth that opens a new source of energy without emissions and practically without limits.