A bio-construction manual based on bags of earth and bales of straw. It seeks to rescue old house construction techniques, combining them with new contributions that allow managing resources, reducing the high impact on the environment.
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Currently, homes that involve high energy consumption for air conditioning and lighting are generally built without thinking about the waste of resources that this represents.
The growing concern for environmental problems has generated the proposal to create and promote sustainable development projects. It seeks to rescue old house construction techniques, combining them with new contributions that allow managing resources, reducing the high impact on the environment. Such architectural techniques consider the climatic elements and material resources of the community environment. After diagnosing the climatic conditions and materials available in each region, eco-designs allow efficient use of resources, properly managing household waste and taking advantage of rainwater.
The subject of sustainable architecture is nothing new; It has been around since the early 20th century. In the United States, the architect Nader Khalili was one of the first to take up the concept of bio-constructions from ancient times , and to adapt it to the current model that we know. This American-Iranian architect was the creator of the “super adobe” and his proposal has been approved for several years by the UN high commissioners on sustainable and decent housing. This construction model has been taken into account to build in a sustainable way not only in the rural community, but also in the city with materials of reduced environmental impact.
2. Construction process.
2.1 Site preparation.
2.2 Excavation of the rainwater diversion channel.
2.3 Preparation of rain drainage in the perimeter canal.
2.5. Lifting of walls.
2.5.1 About the preparation of the sacks.
2.5.2 Walls and preparation of door frames.
2.5.3 Reinforcement of window and door frames.
2.6 Plastering of walls.
2.7 Construction of a temporary protective roof-cover.
2.8 Roof Construction.
3. Lime and sand floor.
3.1 Test of lime.
3.2 The test of the land.
3.2.1 The composition of the earth.
3.2.2 Test of the mud bar.
3.3 Preparation of lime and sand floors.
3.3.2 Final finish.
4. Materials and costs.
5. Conclusions and recommendations.
If it is of your interest, you can consult and download the complete manual in the following link.
A manual edited by the Government of the State of Michoacán, Higher Technological Institute of Pátzcuaro.
Related: Earthbag, learn how to make a house out of earth bags.