Sustainable forest management. Image: Sil Sal Shutterstock
Sustainable Forest Management must guarantee the conservation of the environment and the use of forest resources in a rational way. Forest Management should mark the way to plan, develop and manage forestry practices in a sustainable way. An adequate forest policy is essential and can generate multiple benefits.
The massive disappearance of forests around the world, in addition to their loss of quality and biodiversity, is one of the serious environmental problems that we face as a society that wants to look to the future from the perspective of sustainability.
The over-exploitation of natural resources, the fruit of the voracity of our consumer society, has resulted in industrial and economic development that turns its back on natural resources in many areas of the world.
The way in which forest resources are used and managed requires the necessary control so that it can be a sustainable practice, maintaining the balance between biodiversity, water and soil quality, the landscape, along with productivity, economic benefits. or rural tourism.
At the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (1992), the concept of “sustainable management” is discussed:
“Management and use of forests and forest lands in a way and with an intensity such that they conserve their biodiversity, their productivity, their capacity for regeneration, their vitality and their capacity to satisfy today and in the future important ecological and social functions at a local scale , national and global, without causing damage to other ecosystems ”.
The planning and rational management of the territory implies the assignment of the different uses so that there is a balance between economic, social and environmental values. Its use and safeguarding for the future is part of an effective spatial planning.
Spatial planning based on Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) can result in both economic, environmental and social benefits. Spatial planning is essential to improve forest management or to create employment in rural areas.
Planning and land management is essential for a better use of resources. This requires the coordination of the different sectors involved. Sustainable management of our forests can be the economic engine that rural areas need to fight their depopulation.
The forestry sector needs to find a balance between conservation and the use of its resources.
Forest use. Image: All-stock-photos Shutterstock
The society in which we live demands huge amounts of cellulose, biomass or wood, where can it be obtained from? How can it be produced in a sustainable way?
The eucalyptus is one of those species whose cultivation can help safeguard forest balance. It was introduced in Spain at the end of the 19th century, since then it has been used for the mass production of cellulose. It is the fundamental raw material for the sector. A necessary species to maintain the forest mass in a sustainable way. #CoñecementoParaAll
Eucalyptus is able to take advantage of the cultivated area in a more efficient way, compared to the different species normally used for the production of cellulose, birch, pine, fir or beech.
For the sector to be able to produce in a sustainable way, a forestry policy is necessary that seeks an adequate balance between the different species that make up the forest mass. Forestry planning is required to ensure the balance between industrial use and the maintenance of biodiversity.
In Europe, thanks to sustainable forest management, the forest mass has increased in the last 20 years, the only region in the world that has achieved this. It must be clear that resources must be managed efficiently and sustainably. Even so, Europe demands more wood than it can produce, so there is still room for improvement in the sector, which must produce more and better.
Forest certifications are a fundamental pillar to maintain adequate environmental, social and economic standards in our forests. The way to certify if things are being done properly, a guarantee for our forests.
A forest certification is a voluntary process of evaluation of forest properties or companies, which audits and certifies through a certificate that the management of a forest is carried out in compliance with a set of previously regulated criteria and standards.
There are different types of certifications, the best known are FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) and PEFC (Association for Spanish Forest Certification). Look for them in the products you buy.