One of the keys to green architecture resides in the use of technology at the service of environmental sustainability. Recent innovations in the design, collection and monitoring of climate data make it possible to make the most of natural resources and optimize them for greater efficiency. All this without forgetting nature, but working so that we can guarantee a greater integration between the built environment. This is what symbiotic architecture does, of which the Symbiotic Towers project, proposed by AmorphouStudio for Dubai, is one of the best examples.
Symbiotic Towers, hyper-technological symbiotic architecture.
The project, currently in the form of a proposal to be approved, foresees the construction of a multipurpose complex made up of three towers: one for residential use, another for offices and the third for a hotel. The three buildings will be connected by a two-level plaza.
The main objective of the project is to develop a symbiotic architecture model that will better adapt to the climatic conditions of the city, ensuring the comfort of the occupants, especially in the hot summer season, without consuming large amounts of energy by the cooling systems. .
Geometries inspired by the Voronoi diagram.
To do this, the architects began by analyzing the environmental data, which was used for the design of the entire complex. The designers were inspired by the famous Voronoi diagram, dividing the metric space into different zones according to the equidistance between adjacent points and designing the individual parts of the structures according to their own microenvironment and the sustainability strategies that could be applied.
Photovoltaic trees and umbrellas.
Following this logic, the lower part of the plaza was designed as a “semi-shadow green oasis” with areas rich in vegetation and water, ideal for the warmer season.
The upper part, on the other hand, is formed by an elongated area of perforated felt, partially shaded by the presence of trees. The different photovoltaic umbrellas scattered throughout the area are also shaded, resting on structures that also play the role of producing solar energy that serves to power a ventilation system.
According to the study, the ventilation system, together with all the lush vegetation, contributes to creating an ideal microclimatic environment even when temperatures rise.
Smart bioclimatic enclosure.
Data on solar radiation from May to October, Dubai’s hottest months, was also used to map the geometries of buildings, influencing their orientation and shape. The result is a symbiotic architecture of futuristic towers that rotate and change to reduce exposure to sunlight.
The buildings are covered by a smart bioclimatic envelope that actively adapts and responds to changing outdoor weather conditions.
Design based on sun exposure.
The tower balconies have also been designed to have different depths, allowing the creation of shaded areas on all floors, and different facade openings: apartments exposed to high radiation will have deeper balconies and smaller openings in the facade, while that less exposed apartments will have smaller balconies and larger openings.
However, when it comes to the materials to be used for the facade, designers are still looking for the best in terms of performance. Among the proposals there are terracotta panels based on clay or a fiber composite material.
We will follow the project with interest.