An urban garden is a great way to grow your own vegetables if you live in the city. Urban gardens began to become popular in the Second World War, they were used in the cities of the United States to produce 40% of food.
The culture of urban gardens has spread over the years, both in developed countries thanks to environmental movements, and in developing countries out of necessity. Growing our own vegetables knowing that and how we consume is something that is highly valued today.
Today they have become a sustainable alternative for the production of fresh vegetables, an exciting and educational hobby for the little ones. They have been critical and are critical during tough times when food is scarce. In fact, the UN Conference on Trade and Development made it clear that the way to advance towards the eradication of hunger in the world is to move from an industrial agriculture to a model based on rural development and the prominence of organic farming and local.
An urban garden is comparable to an orchard in the garden, it is about covered spaces or not for the cultivation of vegetables and fruits on a domestic scale. The quality of the products can be the same as in any other type of crop. At Ecoinventos we have already seen some examples such as the spectacular transformation of Luke Keegan’s garden into an urban garden. There are even restaurants with their own garden.
These urban gardens are cultivated on containers with suitable substrates and can even be done on cultivation tables specially built for this purpose. Note that the hydroponic cultivation technique can also be used. Take a look at this pool transformed into a self-sufficient garden.
Benefits of urban gardens.
The benefits and advantages of an urban garden are multiple and varied, we can talk about:
- Encourage healthier eating habits, improve your health and that of yours.
- Satisfaction for consuming our own crops.
- We save money. The cost of producing our own vegetables is much lower than the market price.
- We nurture a culture that in some cities had been lost.
- It makes us understand, value and respect nature.
- We increase green areas in cities, so necessary in most of them.
- We reduce our carbon footprint since the products are local, so local that we don’t have to leave home to obtain them.
How to start with your urban garden.
To have a garden at home, to grow in small spaces, the first thing we must take into account is the organization, making the most of our space, each hole will be very useful. Any small space can be adapted to grow. But keep in mind in this first planning phase that “without sun there is no garden. ” In this article we detail the secrets to choose the best planters for your garden at home.
If space limits you, you can opt for the vertical cultivation option, here you have many ideas to set up a vertical garden. Or you also have the option of growing on your roof, a project based on the doctoral thesis of Carolina Forero, from the Javeriana University, was made to alleviate the solution of one of the neighborhoods of the fourth commune of the municipality of Soacha, in Colombia, but it can be used by anyone. There are even small window gardens.
But if there is a fantastic urban garden design for limited spaces, it is this, the one square meter garden :
For those who start in this world and do not have knowledge or training in this regard, there are some ideal solutions for beginners on the market, such as Nourishmat, a template to start with urban gardens. If you are interested in learning more about growing techniques or the best way to grow our food, I recommend the Toni Frito channel , you will learn everything you need. Although on the internet you will find hundreds of gurus of urban agriculture.
We share a pretty good infographic so that at a glance it is clear to you how to start in this world:
There are cities that have turned to developing gardens in their municipality, such as the Swiss city of Les Avanchets, where each neighbor has their own garden to grow their own food, authentic food sovereignty.
With just over 15,000 inhabitants, Todmordem doesn’t let size sway his dreams. The goal of the city is very ambitious. They want to be a city capable of in 2018 absolutely all the food needed to feed its population is produced locally. So for any of the streets where you walk, you will have a small garden to produce food locally.
Another example is that of Ron Finley with his project known as LA Green Grounds. His goal is to cultivate in public, abandoned spaces in the poorest neighborhoods of Los Angeles. He wants to fill abandoned spaces with organic food and offer healthy alternatives to the most disadvantaged.
In the town of Andernach, in Germany, they have not wanted to go so far, but they have decided to replace their green landscaped areas with orchards for the neighbors, whose fruits can be taken for free.
In Tokyo they have transformed the rooftops of train stations into urban gardens for their neighbors. And if Tokyo is original, what about London, which has transformed underground shelters from the 2nd World War into urban gardens for the city’s restaurants.
But Paris has wanted to go much further, and now by law allows anyone to have an urban garden.
Very curious is the case of the Brazilian Professor Jacy de Asís prison, located in the city of Uberlândia, where inmates grow their own food, maintaining a vegetable garden within the walls.
In the project we also find very interesting designs, such as this Dutch ecovillage where they grow their own food, generate their own electricity and recycle their own garbage. A clear example of sustainable architecture that I hope will become popular in a short time.
And as a curiosity, we also have secret associations like the ” Guerrilla Grafters ” that turn city trees into fruit trees.
- Grow 100% natural food, without harmful pesticides.
- Rediscover nature.
- A more pleasant and healthy home.
- It is easy.
- It is rewarding.
- You save money.
- Think of the people around you, your family or your community, the values that you can bring to them if they have an urban garden nearby.
- You meet again with the natural cycles.
- Improves the efficiency of food production and land use.
Latest technologies serving urban gardens.
Companies have seen in urban gardens an opportunity to introduce new products, many of which are high-tech. And not always looking for the economic benefit, for example in this Ikea product, presented as the sphere that can feed a family. Ikea provides us with free drawings and instructions so that we can assemble it ourselves.
With a production area of just 163 square meters, this vertical farm can easily squeeze out limited urban spaces. Impact Farm’s design allows it to be installed virtually anywhere, so it can be used for commercial purposes or to serve a community.
Farmbot Genesis wants to help us change the way we produce our food by relying on technology. A combination of automation, free hardware, technology and the fashionable “do it yourself” today. An automated system that works 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year to grow and produce our own organic food.