Future developments in the solar energy industry could make India a global exporter of precisely that, the fruit of the sun’s brightness, as well as other countries with high exposure to sunlight that, yes, have a capacity as significant as that of the Asian giant to generate renewable energy from this source.
This possible future role as a world power of renewable energy is pending the technological advances that are coming, fundamentally in one field: that of solar fuel. In addition, many experts believe that solar fuels will be the key to meeting the demand for clean energy in the future.
So, what if the energy captured from the sun in a country like India could be stored, transported and used at any time and place in the world? This is precisely where many of the efforts of the industry are oriented, which, in order to move towards solar fuels, must manage to respond to at least one great challenge: the large-scale storage of surplus renewable energy. So many experts, administrations and companies are turning to this today that even Google is looking for the definitive solution to storage.
Industry efforts are also focused on solar liquid fuels and creating products that are compatible with the energy infrastructures that exist today.
In that race is, for example, Breakthrough Energy Ventures (BEV). This fund promoted by Bill Gates is willing to invest wherever there is a “radical idea” that consolidates the advancement of renewable energy. And in that way, solar fuels cannot be absent.
CSIRO also casts the rest in them, which works to obtain high purity hydrogen for use in hydrogen-powered vehicles (FCVs). This organization is testing this technology that would advance the process of creating solar fuels. This procedure basically consists of bringing the energy captured from the sun to a liquid state that can be easily stored and transported. The combination of hydrogen and nitrogen; nitrogen condensation or its conversion to methanol are some of the available options.
While they continue to be explored, different countries are taking steps to position themselves in this industry and to take advantage of the potential benefits that solar fuel will bring. For example, Australia and Japan have already signed an agreement to advance what will become the world’s first bulk liquid hydrogen transport.
Germany or Saudi Arabia are other territories that have no intention of being left behind. Thus, while from Riyadh they announce plans to export up to 10 gigawatts of solar fuel to European territory, from Germany the efforts are oriented towards innovation and the development of new technologies for the production of hydrogen.
In all these advances may be the key to the solar energy of the future and, also, to the role that countries like India play in this puzzle that advances, unstoppable, towards the transport of the fruits of the sun around the world.
Via Clean Technica.